If you know where the garden pests winter, you can completely destroy them. In late autumn, when it comes time to prepare for hibernation, harmful insects become most sensitive to funds aimed at their destruction.
Bark, shoots and leaves
First you need to look for pests on the trunks and branches of plantings. They can simply be placed on the surface or hidden in the faults of the crust.
Larvae of the scale insects winter under the bodies of dead females directly on the trunks and shoots of plants. They are easily found by the accumulation of dead bugs that attract attention with a red or whitish hue.
Silkworm eggs are always located at the bottom of the stem and are masked by a milky-yellow fluff. They are attached directly to the cortex.
The ringed silkworm chooses thin young branches from the edge of the crown for larvae to live. There he places the offspring, ringing the shoot. Trees affected by the pest are visible from afar.
Codling moths form a cocoon for the winter. They are located most often in damaged areas of the bark or in the upper layers of the soil, directly near the plants.
Some winter pests make cozy nests from leaves or settle in young shoots. On such branches, the bark is always thin. Insects easily gnaw passages in it.
Caterpillars of the hawthorn build a shelter of several leaves. They are fastened together by a thin web.
The moth lays eggs before the onset of winter cold. Selects for this young plants or only planted seedlings. For masonry, he selects areas with faults in the cortex, which are located near the kidneys.
The gold-chick hibernates at the stage of caterpillar formation. From several sheets, she forms a canvas, fastening it with a web. This design is attached to the branches. Outwardly, it resembles a cocoon entangled in white thin threads.
The female of the viburnum leaf beetle nibbles the bark, leaves the eggs and covers the nest with half-etched leaves. In this form, the masonry is located before the onset of spring warming.
Apple tick lays eggs for the winter. Places reddish points in cracks in the cortex of young branches, most often from the underside.
Tinkerbird picks damaged young branches of apple trees. There, in small cracks, leaves eggs. The masonry attracts attention with a bright orange color. Placed only on young plants that have not reached 5 years.
Apple aphid prefers annual young shoots. Attaches eggs near the kidneys. They can be immediately seen by the shiny black color.
Fallen foliage and topsoil
Foliage dropped by diseased trees and shrubs threatens the entire garden. If you look closely, you can find a huge number of larvae and eggs of parasitic insects. Such leaves should not be left in the garden. In addition, it is not recommended to use them for the preparation of organic fertilizer or mulching layer. This material should be incinerated.
The strawberry mite hibernates in fallen leaves or at the bottom of old bushes of garden strawberries and strawberries.
Cruciferous flea for the winter passes into the upper fertile soil layer. Sometimes it can be found in small cracks in greenhouses and greenhouses, so structures should be decontaminated before frost.
Pupae of the moth, which affects the bushes of currants and gooseberries, climb into the soil to a depth of 5 cm. Cocoons are always located directly near the trunk.
Weevil, which is a misfortune for raspberries, strawberries and strawberries, for the winter climbs into fallen leaves, small clods of soil or hides in the remains of plants and fruits.
The apple weevil, which eats the flowers of trees, prefers to take refuge in the cracks of the bark if the damaged areas are located near the surface of the earth, or climb into the upper layer of soil. Beetle can be found in fallen leaves.